Before the appointment of neuroleptic therapy, permitting the patient’s condition, it is necessary to exclude the presence of factors predisposing to the development of severe arrhythmias (bradycardia less than 55 beats per minute, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, slowing intraventricular conduction and congenital long definition of equipoiseinterval prolongation when using other drugs prolonging the interval).
Patients with the above risk factors predisposing to a lengthening of the interval, you need to take special care when needed tiapride destination. Hypokalemia must be corrected before the start of the drug, in addition, should provide medical supervision, monitoring blood electrolytes .
When extrapyramidal syndrome induced by neuroleptics, anticholinergics should be used (rather than dopaminergic agonists) (see. “Interaction with other medicinal products”).
In randomized clinical trials compared several atypical antipsychotics to placebo conducted in elderly patients with dementia, there was a threefold increase in the risk of cerebrovascular events. The mechanism of this risk is not known. We can not exclude an increase in such risk when taking other antipsychotics or other patient populations, so tiaprid should be used with caution in patients with risk factors for stroke.
Elderly patients with dementia
In elderly patients with psychosis definition of equipoise associated with dementia, for the treatment of antipsychotic drugs was observed increase in the risk of death. An analysis of 17 placebo-controlled studies (mean duration of more than 10 weeks) showed that the majority of patients treated with atypical antipsychotic drugs had a 1.6-1.7 times greater risk of death than patients treated with placebo. Although the causes of death in clinical trials with atypical antipsychotics were varied, most of the causes of deaths were either cardiovascular (eg, heart failure, sudden death) or infectious (eg, pneumonia) in nature. Observational studies suggest that, similar to atypical antipsychotic drug treatment, treatment by conventional antipsychotic drugs may also increase mortality. The degree to which an increase in mortality may be due to antipsychotic rather than some features of patients is not clear.
When using antipsychotic drugs have been cases of venous thromboembolism, sometimes fatal. Therefore tiaprid should be used with caution in patients with risk factors for thromboembolic events.
Patients with epilepsy
Due to the fact that may reduce tiapride epileptogenic threshold, for administration to patients with epilepsy tiapride, the latter must be under strict medical supervision.
Patients with Parkinson’s disease receiving dopaminergic agonists
If there is an urgent need for antipsychotic treatment of patients with definition of equipoise disease treated with dopaminergic agonists, should undertake a gradual reduction in dose last to complete abolition (abrupt withdrawal of dopaminergic drugs may increase the risk of a patient of neuroleptic malignant syndrome) .
The use in children tiapride understudied. When assigning tiapride children should be careful. In the absence of clinical data it is recommended to be careful in the appointment of the drug to children.Moreover, it is recommended annually to check the children’s ability to learn, since the drug can affect cognitive function. It is necessary to regularly adjust the dose depending on the definition of equipoise clinical condition of the child.